Isaiah 66:23 and Matthew 24:20
Can you explain the New Moons and the Sabbath in Isaiah 66:22,23?
By: David M. Curtis
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Objections to Isaiah 66 and Matthew 24 ANSWERED!
YouTube User bowilliamson wrote: Isaiah 66 (new moons) means from month to month look up the Hebrew. We will gather from month to month to eat from the tree of the life. You are right we do not keep the yearly sabbaths that were nailed to the cross, on the weekly sabbath of the TEN COMMANDMENTS. As far as 66 or 67 A.D. If you are fleeing for you life it doesn’t matter that the gates are closed. Once the Roman Soldiers got close enough to see they would close the gates regardless of the day.
Part 1A The word “New Moon” in Isaiah 66:23 is the word “ḥōdesh.” Notice the following. “Hōdesh. Month, monthly, new moon. Although this word properly means “new moon,” it is commonly used as an equivalent to our word “month” because the month began when the thin crescent of the new moon was first visible at sunset.” – Theological Wordbook.
Part 1B “When ḥōdesh refers only to the beginning of the month, it is naturally translated “new moon,” which was a feast day. It is one of the “appointed feasts” and is listed with the Sabbath and the pilgrim feasts as involving burnt offerings (2 Chron. 8:13 et al.), and is also characterized by the blowing of trumpets (Psalm 81:3 [H 4]; Numbers 10:10). Since it was a feast, David’s absence from Saul’s table at the new moon was especially noticeable (1 Samuel 20:5f.).”- Theological Wordbook.
Part 1C Beside the burnt offering OF THE MONTH (ḥōdesh), and his meat offering, and the daily burnt offering, and his meat offering, and their drink offerings, according unto their manner, for a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD. Numbers 29:6
Part 1D And their drink offerings shall be half an hin of wine unto a bullock, and the third part of an hin unto a ram, and a fourth part of an hin unto a lamb: this is the burnt offering of every MONTH (ḥōdesh) throughout the MONTHS (ḥōdesh) of the year. Numbers 28:14
Part 1E Examples of “ḥōdesh” being translated as “New Moon.”
1Sa 20:5, 1Sa 20:18, 1Sa 20:24, 2Ki 4:23, 1Ch 23:31, 2Ch 2:4, 2Ch 8:13, 2Ch 31:3, Ezr 3:5, Neh 10:33, Psa 81:3, Isa 1:13-14, Isa 66:23, Eze 45:17, Eze 46:1, Eze 46:3, Eze 46:6, Hos 2:11, Amo 8:5
Part 1F “kho’-desh From H2318; the new moon; by implication a month: – month (-ly), new moon.” Strong’s Concordance. According the the Theological Wordbook quoted in Part 1B whenever ḥōdesh, is grouped together with the Sabbath it is to be understood as ‘New Moon’ as involving burnt offerings.
Part2A Luke 21:20-22 And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. 21 Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto. 22 For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.
Part 2B “…it is remarked by several interpreters, and which Josephus takes notice of with surprise, that Cestius Gallus having advanced with his army to Jerusalem, and besieged it, on a sudden without any cause, raised the siege, and withdrew his army, when the city might have been easily taken; by which means a signal was made, and an opportunity given to the Christians, to make their escape: which they accordingly did….” (John Gill, on Matthew 24:16).
Part 2C The sequence of events. 1. Cestius Gallus advanced with his army to Jerusalem, and besieged it, 2. The Roman army suddenly withdraws from Jerusalem. 3. That created an opening for the Christians to flee to the mountains. Christ said to pray that that opening which allowed them to flee, be not on a Sabbath day. Once the armies withdrew the gates were opened allowing them to flee unmolested. Had their opportunity to flee been on a Sabbath the gates would have been shut.
YouTube User vachief wrote:….Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a sabbath days journey. Acts 1:12. People traveled by foot outside the walls on the Sabbath all the time through the pedestrian gates. To suggest people were locked in the city for 24 hours is complete bulls#!* (edited by mrloudcry, the original contained profanity). lol Please forward my comment to Mr. Barnes for a revision and tell him to find another excuse to disobey God.
Here are my replies posted on the comments page of my youtube channel www.youtube.com/mrloudcry
@vachief It was indeed permitted to travel 2000 paces on the Sabbath, however if THOUSANDS of people were trying to flee the city all at once it would have been prevented by the closed gates. Christians are not permitted to lie, and if asked why so many thousands of people all wanted to leave the city on the Sabbath, they would have been found out and their purpose would have been averted. Thousands of Christians could not have left through the gates on a Sabbath unmolested. I understand your argument, I really do. If a single family wanted to take a few of their allowed paces outside the city, I am sure something could have been done. But a massive exodus would have been an entirely different story. It would have violated the laws in Jerusalem. There is no escaping that reality. Pray that your flight be not on the Sabbath was a practical thing, so that their FLIGHT WOULD NOT BE HINDERED!
@vachief Pentecost is celebrated seven weeks (49 days) after resurrection Sunday. The event you are describing took place ten (10) days before Pentecost Sunday; in other words on a Thursday. This is how the math works. The 14th of Nisan was Passover, the following day was the first day of the feast of unleavened bread. Pentecost was 50 days later. Jesus rose on Sunday, which was the 16th of Nisan, and Pentecost occurred 49 days later a Sunday. Read the context of what you are citing. This is the ASCENSION of Jesus Christ which occurred 40 days after the resurrection, and 10 days before Pentecost. SEE Acts 1:3. Resurrection was on the first day (Sunday) Sabbath would have been the 42nd day from Resurrection Sunday that week. This was the 40th, day according to the context which was a Thursday. Acts 1:12 is not saying that the ascension occurred on a Sabbath, rather that the ascension took place a “Sabbath day’s journey,” which is a specific distance of 2000 paces from Jerusalem.
@vachief Matthew 24:20. “Neither on the Sabbath-day.”
Long JOURNEYS WERE PROHIBITED by the law on the Sabbath, Exodus 16:29. . . . It should be added that it was almost impracticable to travel in Judea on that day, as THE GATES OF THE CITIES WERE USUALLY CLOSED, Nehemiah 13:19-22.” Barnes Commentary
Matthew 24:20. “Neither on the Sabbath-day.”
“That you may not raise the indignation of the Jews by travelling on that day, and so suffer that death out of the city which you had endeavored to escape from within. Besides, on the Sabbath-days the Jews not only kept within doors, but THE GATES OF ALL THE CITIES AND TOWNS IN EVERY PLACE WERE KEPT SHUT AND BARRED; so that their flight should be on a Sabbath, they could not expect admission into any place of security in the land.” Clarke’s Commentary.
@vachief SDA’s have used Matthew 24:20 as a proof text for more than a hundred years. I have no doubt you have used it for a long while yourself. As an SDA, I used this same verse for many years. I understand that being faced with the facts of the matter can be very upsetting. I further understand that in order to maintain your views that you have to somehow ignore the facts and downplay their relevance and obvious significance. It is because they loved not the truth that they receive a strong delusion of a lie. Anger is a sign that someone is resisting the Holy Spirit while He is convicting their conscience. You are at a cross-road when it comes to this verse. You can accept the evidence or choose to deny it. Either way the choice is yours. Personally I refuse to believe and teach a lie. If you love the lie, you will receive the strong delusion that comes with it. Every time we learn the truth our destiny is shaped by our choice to accept it or reject it.
@vachief The Jews were zealous about maintaining the Sabbath day’s journey standard on the Sabbath itself. It is a matter of historical fact that on Sabbath the gates of Jerusalem were shut, a fact which all Bible commentaries agree. The Gospels supports the fact that traveling more than a Sabbath day’s journey on the Sabbath itself was strictly prohibited. To assert that the gates would be freely opened on the Sabbath to allow passage for THOUSANDS of Christians to journey beyond that which what was lawful and that they would be allowed to do so unmolested is contradictory against what we know about the laws that were in place at the time this occurred. There were BOTH LAWS and PHYSICAL RESTRICTIONS in place that would have made a flight of THOUSANDS of Christians on the Sabbath day impossible. Both history and Bible commentaries attest to that. This gives concrete reasons why a flight on the Sabbath by thousands of people would have presented undesirable conditions to flee.